Features

Cucumber Automated Testing

To get started, please make sure you have installed the necessary gems:

source 'http://rubygems.org'
gem 'cucumber'
gem 'selenium-webdriver'
gem 'rspec'
gem 'parallel'

Example

Next, we'll create a features and a steps file. Combined, they're your test.


Example feature

Feature: Google can search

Background:
	Given I am on Google

Scenario: Search for a term
	When I fill in "q" found by "name" with "TestingBot"
	And I submit
	Then I should see title "TestingBot - Google Search"

Example steps

Given /^I am on (.+)$/ do |url|
	@browser.navigate.to "http://www.google.com"
end

When /^I fill in "([^"]*)" found by "([^"]*)" with "([^"]*)"$/ do |value, type, keys|
	@element = @browser.find_element(type, value)
	@element.send_keys keys
end

When /^I submit$/ do
	@element.submit
end

Then /^I should see title "([^"]*)"$/ do |title|
	raise "Fail" if @browser.title != title
end

Example env.rb

require 'selenium/webdriver'

url = "https://#{ENV['TB_KEY']}:#{ENV['TB_SECRET']}@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"

capabilities = Selenium::WebDriver::Remote::Capabilities.new

capabilities['platform'] = ENV['SELENIUM_PLATFORM'] || 'ANY'
capabilities['name'] = 'My first Test'
capabilities['browserName'] = ENV['SELENIUM_BROWSER'] || 'chrome'
capabilities['version'] = ENV['SELENIUM_VERSION'] if ENV['SELENIUM_VERSION']

browser = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:remote, :url => url, :desired_capabilities => capabilities)

Before do |scenario|
	@browser = browser
end

at_exit do
	browser.quit
end

Now we can run the test on TestingBot, to start, please run this command:

cucumber TB_KEY=api_key TB_SECRET=api_secret SELENIUM_PLATFORM=WINDOWS SELENIUM_BROWSER=chrome

Configuring capabilities

To run your existing tests on TestingBot, your tests will need to be configured to use the TestingBot remote machines. If the test was running on your local machine or network, you can simply change your existing test like this:



Before:
driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :chrome

After:
driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:remote,
  :url => "https://API_KEY:API_SECRET@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub",
  :desired_capabilities => caps)

Specify Browsers & Devices

To let TestingBot know on which browser/platform/device you want to run your test on, you need to specify the browsername, version, OS and other optional options in the capabilities field.


driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:remote,
  :url => "https://API_KEY:API_SECRET@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub",
  :desired_capabilities => caps)

To see how to do this, please select a combination of browser, version and platform in the drop-down menus below.


1. Select a Platform
2. Select a browser


Testing Internal Websites

We've built TestingBot Tunnel, to provide you with a secure way to run tests against your staged/internal webapps.
Please see our TestingBot Tunnel documentation for more information about this easy to use tunneling solution.


The example below shows how to easily run a Ruby WebDriver test with our Tunnel:


1. Download our tunnel and start the tunnel:

java -jar testingbot-tunnel.jar key secret

2. Adjust your test: instead of pointing to 'hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub' like the example above - change it to point to your tunnel's IP address.
Assuming you run the tunnel on the same machine you run your tests, change to 'localhost:4445/wd/hub'. localhost is the machine running the tunnel, 4445 is the default port of the tunnel.


This way your test will go securely through the tunnel to TestingBot and back:


Example env.rb

require 'selenium/webdriver'

url = "http://#{ENV['TB_KEY']}:#{ENV['TB_SECRET']}@localhost:4445/wd/hub"

capabilities = Selenium::WebDriver::Remote::Capabilities.new

capabilities['platform'] = ENV['SELENIUM_PLATFORM'] || 'ANY'
capabilities['name'] = 'My first Test'
capabilities['browserName'] = ENV['SELENIUM_BROWSER'] || 'chrome'
capabilities['version'] = ENV['SELENIUM_VERSION'] if ENV['SELENIUM_VERSION']

browser = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:remote, :url => url, :desired_capabilities => capabilities)

Before do |scenario|
	@browser = browser
end

at_exit do
	browser.quit
end

Run tests in Parallel

Parallel Testing means running the same test, or multiple tests, simultaneously. This greatly reduces your total testing time.

You can run the same tests on all different browser configurations or run different tests all on the same browser configuration.
TestingBot has a large grid of machines and browsers, which means you can use our service to do efficient parallel testing. It is one of the key features we provide to greatly cut down on your total testing time.


To start running tests in parallel, first we'll define a browsers.json file which contains all the browser combinations:

[{
	"browser": "firefox",
	"version": "latest",
	"platform": "SIERRA"
},
{
	"browser": "chrome",
	"version": "52",
	"platform": "WIN7"
},
{
	"browser": "safari",
	"version": "latest-1",
	"platform": "MAC"
}]

Now, we'll create a single test (features and steps file) which we'll use to run on the browser combinations we defined above.

Feature: Google can search

Background:
	Given I am on Google

Scenario: Search for a term
	When I fill in "q" found by "name" with "TestingBot"
	And I submit
	Then I should see title "TestingBot - Google Search"

Given /^I am on (.+)$/ do |url|
	@browser.navigate.to "http://www.google.com"
end

When /^I fill in "([^"]*)" found by "([^"]*)" with "([^"]*)"$/ do |value, type, keys|
	@element = @browser.find_element(type, value)
	@element.send_keys keys
end

When /^I submit$/ do
	@element.submit
end

Then /^I should see title "([^"]*)"$/ do |title|
	raise "Fail" if @browser.title != title
end

Now we need to create a Ruby script that will run the test above, and use the environment variables to determine browser/OS combination.


require 'selenium/webdriver'

url = "https://#{ENV['TB_KEY']}:#{ENV['TB_SECRET']}@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"

capabilities = Selenium::WebDriver::Remote::Capabilities.new
capabilities['platform'] = ENV['SELENIUM_PLATFORM']
capabilities['version'] = ENV['SELENIUM_VERSION']
capabilities['browserName'] = ENV['SELENIUM_BROWSER']

capabilities['build'] = ENV['TB_AUTOMATE_BUILD'] if ENV['TB_AUTOMATE_BUILD']

browser = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:remote, :url => url, :desired_capabilities => capabilities)

Before do |scenario|
	@browser = browser
end

at_exit do
	browser.quit
end

Finally, we create a Rakefile which handles the running of the tests in parallel.


require 'rubygems'
require 'cucumber'
require 'cucumber/rake/task'
require 'parallel'
require 'json'

@browsers = JSON.load(open('browsers.json'))
@parallel_limit = ENV["nodes"] || 1
@parallel_limit = @parallel_limit.to_i

task :cucumber do
	Parallel.each(@browsers, :in_processes => @parallel_limit) do |browser|
		begin
			puts "Running with: #{browser.inspect}"
			ENV['SELENIUM_BROWSER'] = browser['browserName']
			ENV['SELENIUM_VERSION'] = browser['version']
			ENV['SELENIUM_PLATFORM'] = browser['platform']

			Rake::Task[:run_features].execute()
		rescue StandardError => e
			puts "Error while running task: #{e.message}"
		end
	end
end

Cucumber::Rake::Task.new(:run_features)
task :default => [:cucumber]

To run your tests in parallel, run this command:

rake TB_KEY=api_key TB_SECRET=api_secret nodes=3

Queuing

Every plan we provide comes with a limit of concurrent VMs (how many tests you can run in parallel).
For example: if you have a plan with 5 concurrent VMs, it is possible to start more tests.
TestingBot will queue the additional tests and run the tests as soon as slots become available.

Mark tests as passed/failed

As TestingBot has no way to dermine whether your test passed or failed (it is determined by your business logic), we offer a way to send the test status back to TestingBot. This is useful if you want to see if a test succeeded or failed from the TestingBot member area.


You can use our Ruby API client to report back test results.

api = TestingBot::Api.new(key, secret)
api.update_test(driver.session_id, { :name => new_name, :success => true })

Other Ruby Framework examples

  • Capybara

    Capybara is an integration testing tool for rack based web applications.

  • Cucumber

    Cucumber is a Ruby based test tool for BDD.

  • RSpec

    RSpec is a behavior-driven development (BDD) framework, inspired by JBehave.

  • Test::Unit

    Test-Unit is a xUnit family unit testing framework for Ruby.

  • Minitest

    Minimal (mostly drop-in) replacement for test-unit.

  • Watir

    Watir, pronounced water, is an open-source (BSD) family of Ruby libraries for automating web browsers.