Python Automated App Testing

Let's start with making sure Python is available on your system.

For Windows
For Linux/Mac:
  • Run python --version to see which python version is currently installed, make sure it is 2.5.X or above.
  • OS X, Ubuntu and most other Linux distro's come with Python pre-installed.

Getting Started

With TestingBot you can easily run automated tests with Python against your mobile app.


To get started, please install the following libraries:

sudo easy_install pip
 
sudo pip install Appium-Python-Client
sudo pip install selenium


Below is a Python Example, this will download and install our sample app (a calculator), add numbers to two input fields and show the sum of the two numbers:


from appium import webdriver
from appium.webdriver.common.mobileby import MobileBy
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
import time

desired_caps = {
    "deviceName": "Nexus 7",
    "platformName": "Android",
    "version" : "7.1",
    "app": "https://testingbot.com/appium/sample.apk"
}

driver = webdriver.Remote("http://key:secret@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub", desired_caps)

inputA = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "inputA"))
)
inputA.send_keys("10")

inputB = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "inputB"))
)
inputB.send_keys("5")

sum = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "sum"))
)

if sum!=None and sum.text=="15":
  assert True
else:
  assert False

driver.quit()
from appium import webdriver
from appium.webdriver.common.mobileby import MobileBy
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
import time

desired_caps = {
    "deviceName": "iPhone 8",
    "platformName": "iOS",
    "version" : "12.1",
    "app": "https://testingbot.com/appium/sample.zip"
}

driver = webdriver.Remote("http://key:secret@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub", desired_caps)

inputA = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "inputA"))
)
inputA.send_keys("10")

inputB = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "inputB"))
)
inputB.send_keys("5")

driver.quit()

This test will start a Firefox browser on Windows in our cloud, go to Google, and search for TestingBot. It will then output the title.


Make sure to always stop your test (driver.quit()), otherwise it will continue running, leading to a timeout.

Upload Your App

Upload your Android (.apk) or iOS app (simulator build in a .zip file) via our REST API:

curl -u "key:secret" \
-X POST "https://api.testingbot.com/v1/storage/" \
-F "file=@/path/to/app/file/Application-debug.apk"

You will get back a response from the API, similar to:

{"app_url":"tb://..."}


Upload app from a Public URL

If you want to use an app available on a public URL, please use this command:

curl -u "key:secret" \
-X POST "https://api.testingbot.com/v1/storage/" \
-d url="https://testingbot.com/appium/sample.zip"

You can now use the uploaded app in your tests by passing the tb://... URI you got from the API:

desiredCaps = {
  "name": "My First App Test",
  "deviceName" : "iPhone 8",
  'platformName': "iOS",
  "version": "12.1",
  "app" : "tb://..."
};

TestingBot will automatically download the app from TestingBot Storage and open the app for testing.

Configuring capabilities

To let TestingBot know on which browser/platform you want to run your test on, you need to specify the browsername, version, OS and other optional options in the capabilities field.


Before
driver = webdriver.Firefox

After
driver = webdriver.Remote(
  command_executor='http://key:secret@hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub',
  desired_capabilities=desired_caps)

To see how to do this, please select a combination of browser, version and platform in the drop-down menus below:


1. Select a Platform
2. Select a Browser


Preparing your App

You do not need to install any code or plugin to run a test.
Below are some things that are necessary to successfully run a mobile test:


For Android:
  • Please supply the URL to your .apk file.
    Important: the .apk file needs to be a x86 build (x86 ABI).

For iOS:
  • Please supply the URL to a .zip file that contains your .app
  • The .app needs to be an iOS Simulator build:
    • Create a Simulator build:
      xcodebuild -sdk iphonesimulator -configuration Debug
    • Zip the .app bundle:
      zip -r MyApp.zip MyApp.app

Additional Options

Appium provides a lot of options to configure your test.

Some important options that might help:


For Android:
  • appActivity and appPackage: by default, Appium will try to extract the main Activity from your apk. If this fails, you can supply your own with these options.
  • chromeOptions: additional chromedriver options you can supply.
  • otherApps: a JSON array of other apps that need to be installed, in URL format.

For Android & iOS:
  • locale: the language of the simulator/emulator (ex: fr_CA)
  • newCommandTimeout: How long (in seconds) Appium will wait for a new command from the client before assuming the client quit and ending the session

Testing Internal/Staged Websites

We've built TestingBot Tunnel, to provide you with a secure way to run tests against your staged/internal webapps.
Please see our TestingBot Tunnel documentation for more information about this easy to use tunneling solution.


The example below shows how to easily run a Python WebDriver test with our Tunnel:


1. Download our tunnel and start the tunnel:

java -jar testingbot-tunnel.jar key secret

2. Adjust your test: instead of pointing to 'hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub' like the example above - change it to point to your tunnel's IP address.
Assuming you run the tunnel on the same machine you run your tests, change to 'localhost:4445/wd/hub'. localhost is the machine running the tunnel, 4445 is the default port of the tunnel.


This way your test will go securely through the tunnel to TestingBot and back:


from appium import webdriver
from appium.webdriver.common.mobileby import MobileBy
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
import time

desired_caps = {
    "deviceName": "iPhone 8",
    "platformName": "iOS",
    "version" : "11.4",
    "app": "https://testingbot.com/sample.zip"
}

driver = webdriver.Remote("http://key:secret@localhost:4445/wd/hub", desired_caps)

inputA = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "inputA"))
)
inputA.send_keys("10")

inputB = WebDriverWait(driver, 30).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((MobileBy.ACCESSIBILITY_ID, "inputB"))
)
inputB.send_keys("5")

driver.quit()

Other Options

We offer many other test options, for example: disable video recording, specifying a custom Firefox Profile, loading Chrome/Firefox/Safari extensions, running an executable before your test starts, uploading files, ...
See our list of test options for a full list of options to customize your tests.

Parallel Testing

Parallel Testing means running the same test, or multiple tests, simultaneously. This greatly reduces your total testing time.

You can run the same tests on all different browser configurations or run different tests all on the same browser configuration.
TestingBot has a large grid of machines and browsers, which means you can use our service to do efficient parallel testing. It is one of the key features we provide to greatly cut down on your total testing time.


Queueing

Every plan we provide comes with a limit of concurrent VMs (how many tests you can run in parallel).
For example: if you have a plan with 5 concurrent VMs, it is possible to start more tests. TestingBot will queue the additional tests and run the tests as soon as slots become available.


To run tests in parallel, we recommend using Nose and MultiProcessing, which makes it very easy to run multiple Python tests simultaneously:

pip install nose==0.11
pip install multiprocessing
nosetests --processes=<number_of_processes>