Behat Automated Testing

TestingBot supports Selenium tests using Behat. It's very easy to create or convert Behat tests to use our Selenium Grid.
Behat is a Behavior-Driven Development framework for PHP. You can find more information on the Behat Homepage.

Getting Started

First make sure you've installed Behat. See this example with PHP Composer:

php composer.phar require behat/behat

Now we can create a simple testcase, written in Behat:

// Google Feature
Feature: Google Search Functionality

Scenario: Can find search results
Given I am on "https://www.google.com/ncr"
When I search for "TestingBot"
Then I get title as "TestingBot - Google Search"

features/single:
// Feature Context
<?php

class FeatureContext extends TestingBotContext {
	/** @Given /^I am on "([^"]*)"$/ */
	public function iAmOnSite($url) {
		self::$driver->get($url);
	}

	/** @When /^I search for "([^"]*)"$/ */
	public function iSearchFor($searchText) {
		$element = self::$driver->findElement(WebDriverBy::name("q"));
		$element->sendKeys($searchText);
		$element->submit();
		sleep(5);
	}

	/** @Then /^I get title as "([^"]*)"$/ */
	public function iShouldGet($string) {
		$title = self::$driver->getTitle();
		if ((string)  $string !== $title) {
			throw new Exception("Expected title: '". $string. "'' Actual is: '". $title. "'");
		}
	}
}
	

To actually run this test, we first need to add some TestingBot settings.


class TestingBotContext extends Behat\Behat\Context\BehatContext
{
	protected $CONFIG;
	protected static $driver;

	public function __construct($parameters){
		$GLOBALS['CONFIG'] = $parameters["testingbot"];

		$GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_KEY'] = getenv('TESTINGBOT_KEY');
		if(!$GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_KEY']) $GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_KEY'] = $GLOBALS['CONFIG']['key'];

		$GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_SECRET'] = getenv('TESTINGBOT_SECRET');
		if(!$GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_SECRET']) $GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_SECRET'] = $GLOBALS['CONFIG']['secret'];
	}

	/** @BeforeFeature */
	public static function setup()
	{
		$CONFIG = $GLOBALS['CONFIG'];
		$task_id = getenv('TASK_ID') ? getenv('TASK_ID') : 0;

		$url = "https://" . $GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_KEY'] . ":" . $GLOBALS['TESTINGBOT_SECRET'] . "@" . $CONFIG['server'] ."/wd/hub";
		$caps = $CONFIG['environments'][$task_id];

		foreach ($CONFIG["capabilities"] as $key => $value) {
			if(!array_key_exists($key, $caps))
				$caps[$key] = $value;
		}

		self::$driver = RemoteWebDriver::create($url, $caps, 120000);
	}

	/** @AfterFeature */
	public static function tearDown()
	{
		self::$driver->quit();
	}
}

This module reads from the config file, where you'll need to define the TestingBot Hub Server and your credentials:


default:
	paths:
		features: '../features/single'
		bootstrap:  '../features/bootstrap'
	context:
		parameters:
			testingbot:
				server: "hub.testingbot.com"
				key: "api_key"
				secret: "api_secret"

				capabilities:
					"screenrecorder": true

				environments:
					-   
						browser: "chrome"
						version: "latest"
						platform: "WIN10"

	

You can now run this test on TestingBot using the following command:

composer single

Configuring capabilities

To run your existing tests on TestingBot, your tests will need to be configured to use the TestingBot remote machines.


Specifying the operating system, browser and version

To let TestingBot know on which browser/platform you want to run your test on, you need to specify the browsername, version, OS and other optional options in the capabilities field.

To see how to do this please select a combination of browser version and platform in the drop-down menus below


1. Select a Platform
2. Select a Browser


Testing Internal/Staged Websites

We've built TestingBot Tunnel, to provide you with a secure way to run tests against your staged/internal webapps.
Please see our TestingBot Tunnel documentation for more information about this easy to use tunneling solution.


The example below shows how to easily run a PHP WebDriver test with our Tunnel:


1. Download our tunnel and start the tunnel:

java -jar testingbot-tunnel.jar key secret

2. Adjust your test: instead of pointing to hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub like the example above - change it to point to your tunnel's IP address.
Assuming you run the tunnel on the same machine you run your tests, change to localhost:4445/wd/hub. localhost is the machine running the tunnel, 4445 is the default port of the tunnel.


This way your test will go securily through the tunnel to TestingBot and back:


default:
paths:
	features: '../features/single'
	bootstrap:  '../features/bootstrap'
context:
	parameters:
		testingbot:
			server: "localhost:4445"
			key: "api_key"
			secret: "api_secret"

			capabilities:
				"screenrecorder": true

			environments:
				-   
					browser: "chrome"
					version: "latest"
					platform: "WIN10"

		

Parallel Testing

Parallel Testing means running the same test, or multiple tests, simultaneously. This greatly reduces your total testing time.

You can run the same tests on all different browser configurations or run different tests all on the same browser configuration.
TestingBot has a large grid of machines and browsers, which means you can use our service to do efficient parallel testing. It is one of the key features we provide to greatly cut down on your total testing time.


Queueing

Every plan we provide comes with a limit of concurrent VMs (how many tests you can run in parallel).
For example: if you have a plan with 5 concurrent VMs, it is possible to start more tests. TestingBot will queue the additional tests and run the tests as soon as slots become available.


To run tests in parallel, we recommend using Paratest, which makes it very easy to run multiple PHP tests simultaneously.

To run tests on multiple browsers, please modify the config:

default:
paths:
	features: '../features/single'
	bootstrap:  '../features/bootstrap'
context:
	parameters:
		testingbot:
			server: "hub.testingbot.com"
			key: "api_key"
			secret: "api_secret"

			capabilities:
				"screenrecorder": true

			environments:
				-
					browser: "chrome"
				-
					browser: "firefox"
				-
					browser: "safari"
				-
					browser: "internet explorer"
		

Now you need to create this script to launch the tests in parallel:


$config_file = getenv('CONFIG_FILE');
if(!$config_file) $config_file = 'config/single.conf.yml';
$CONFIG = Yaml::parse(file_get_contents($config_file))["default"]["context"]["parameters"]["testingbot"];

$procs = array();

foreach ($CONFIG['environments'] as $key => $value) {
	$cmd = "TASK_ID=$key ./bin/behat --config=". getenv("CONFIG_FILE")." 2>&1\n";
	print_r($cmd);

	$procs[$key] = popen($cmd, "r");
}

foreach ($procs as $key => $value) {
	while (!feof($value)) { 
		print fgets($value, 4096);
	}
	pclose($value);
}
		

Run the tests in parallel:


composer parallel

Other Options

We offer many other test options, for example: disable video recording, specifying a custom Firefox Profile, loading Chrome/Firefox/Safari extensions, running an executable before your test starts, uploading files, ...
See our list of test options for a full list of options to customize your tests.

Pick a PHP test framework

  • Behat/Mink

    Behat is a BDD framework which runs on PHP
    Mink is used for its browser emulation and works nicely together with Behat.

  • PHPUnit

    PHPUnit is the most popular unit testing framework for PHP.
    It comes with good Selenium WebDriver support and is easy to set up.

  • Codeception

    Codeception is a BDD-styled PHP testing framework.
    This testing framework offers good Selenium support.

  • SimpleTest

    SimpleTest is a framework for unit testing, web site testing and mock objects for PHP.