Features

SpecFlow Automated App Testing

See our SpecFlow App example repository for a simple example on how to run SpecFlow tests on Mobile Devices with TestingBot.
This example project can be used with Visual Studio, or via terminal: dotnet test.

SpecFlow is an open-source .NET utility which allows you to write tests using Cucumber-compatible Gherkin syntax.

Getting Started

We'll assume you are using Visual Studio to run your tests.
Here are the steps to set up the required environment for your SpecFlow tests:

  • Add NuGet Packages: Appium.WebDriver, NUnit, SpecFlow
  • For more information, please see the SpecFlow documentation.

In the example below, we'll create a calculator test that enters 2 numbers in 2 input fields and validates the sum.
The app used in the example is a demo app we created at TestingBot and runs on both iOS and Android.

Setting up the necessary files

First, we'll create the feature file feature.feature:

Feature: Calculator

Scenario Outline: Can do simple math
    Given I am using the calculator
    When I add inputA for "5"
    When I add inputB for "10"
    Then I should see the sum "15"

Now we need to define the logic behind these steps:

SingleStep.cs
using NUnit.Framework;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Android;
using TechTalk.SpecFlow;

namespace testingbot_specflow
{
    [Binding]
    public class SingleStep
    {
        private AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> _driver;
        readonly TestingBotDriver _tbDriver;

        public SingleStep()
        {
            _tbDriver = (TestingBotDriver) ScenarioContext.Current["tbDriver"];
        }

        [Given(@"I am using the calculator")]
        public void GivenIAmOnTheGooglePage()
        {
            _driver = _tbDriver.Init();
            _driver.LaunchApp();
        }

        [When(@"I add inputA for ""(.*)""")]
        public void WhenIAddA(string amount)
        {
            AndroidElement inputA = _driver.FindElementById("inputA");
            inputA.SendKeys(amount);
        }

        [When(@"I add inputB for ""(.*)""")]
        public void WhenIAddB(string amount)
        {
            AndroidElement inputB = _driver.FindElementById("inputB");
            inputB.SendKeys(amount);
        }

        [Then(@"I should see the sum ""(.*)""")]
        public void ThenIShouldSeeTitle(string sum)
        {
            Assert.That(_driver.FindElementByXPath("//android.widget.EditText[@content-desc=\"sum\"]").Text, Is.EqualTo(sum));
        }
    }
}

Finally, we'll need to create the TestingBotDriver:

using System;
using OpenQA.Selenium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Android;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Enums;
using TechTalk.SpecFlow;

namespace testingbot_specflow
{
    [Binding]
    public sealed class testingbot_specflow
    {
        private TestingBotDriver tbDriver;

        [BeforeScenario]
        public void BeforeScenario()
        {
            tbDriver = new TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext.Current);
            ScenarioContext.Current["tbDriver"] = tbDriver;
        }

        [AfterScenario]
        public void AfterScenario()
        {
            tbDriver.Cleanup();
        }
    }

    public class TestingBotDriver
    {
        private AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> driver;
        private ScenarioContext current;

        public TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext current)
        {
            this.current = current;
        }

        public AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> Init()
        {
            AppiumOptions appiumOptions = new AppiumOptions();
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DeviceName, "Galaxy S9");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformName, "Android");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformVersion, "9.0");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.App, "tb://...");

            String key = "TB_KEY";
            String secret = "TB_SECRET";

            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("key", key);
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("secret", secret);

            AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> driver = new AndroidDriver<AndroidElement>(
                new Uri("https://hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"),
                appiumOptions
            );
            return driver;
        }

        public void Cleanup()
        {
            if (driver != null)
            {
                driver.Quit();
            }
        }
    }
}

Real Device Testing


This will download and install a sample Android app we built. It will add two numbers to a textinput and display the sum of the two numbers.

using System;
using OpenQA.Selenium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Android;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Enums;
using TechTalk.SpecFlow;

namespace testingbot_specflow
{
    [Binding]
    public sealed class testingbot_specflow
    {
        private TestingBotDriver tbDriver;

        [BeforeScenario]
        public void BeforeScenario()
        {
            tbDriver = new TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext.Current);
            ScenarioContext.Current["tbDriver"] = tbDriver;
        }

        [AfterScenario]
        public void AfterScenario()
        {
            tbDriver.Cleanup();
        }
    }

    public class TestingBotDriver
    {
        private AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> driver;
        private ScenarioContext current;

        public TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext current)
        {
            this.current = current;
        }

        public AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> Init()
        {
            AppiumOptions appiumOptions = new AppiumOptions();
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DeviceName, "Galaxy S10");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformName, "Android");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformVersion, "9.0");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.App, "tb://...");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("realDevice", true);
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("key", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_KEY"));
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("secret", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_SECRET"));

            AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> driver = new AndroidDriver<AndroidElement>(
                new Uri("https://hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"),
                appiumOptions
            );
            return driver;
        }

        public void Cleanup()
        {
            if (driver != null)
            {
                driver.Quit();
            }
        }
    }
}

This will download and install a sample iOS app we built. It will add two numbers to a textinput and display the sum of the two numbers.

using System;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Enums;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.iOS;
using TechTalk.SpecFlow;

namespace testingbot_specflow
{
    [Binding]
    public sealed class testingbot_specflow
    {
        private TestingBotDriver tbDriver;

        [BeforeScenario]
        public void BeforeScenario()
        {
            tbDriver = new TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext.Current);
            ScenarioContext.Current["tbDriver"] = tbDriver;
        }

        [AfterScenario]
        public void AfterScenario()
        {
            tbDriver.Cleanup();
        }
    }

    public class TestingBotDriver
    {
        private IOSDriver<IOSElement> driver;
        private ScenarioContext current;

        public TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext current)
        {
            this.current = current;
        }

        public IOSDriver<IOSElement> Init()
        {
            AppiumOptions appiumOptions = new AppiumOptions();
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DeviceName, "iPhone 11");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformName, "iOS");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformVersion, "13.5");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.App, "tb://...");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("realDevice", true);
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("key", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_KEY"));
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("secret", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_SECRET"));

            IOSDriver<IOSElement> driver = new IOSDriver<IOSElement>(
                new Uri("https://hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"),
                appiumOptions
            );
            return driver;
        }

        public void Cleanup()
        {
            if (driver != null)
            {
                driver.Quit();
            }
        }
    }
}

Simulator/Emulator Testing


This will download and install a sample Android app we built. It will add two numbers to a textinput and display the sum of the two numbers.

using System;
using OpenQA.Selenium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Android;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Enums;
using TechTalk.SpecFlow;

namespace testingbot_specflow
{
    [Binding]
    public sealed class testingbot_specflow
    {
        private TestingBotDriver tbDriver;

        [BeforeScenario]
        public void BeforeScenario()
        {
            tbDriver = new TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext.Current);
            ScenarioContext.Current["tbDriver"] = tbDriver;
        }

        [AfterScenario]
        public void AfterScenario()
        {
            tbDriver.Cleanup();
        }
    }

    public class TestingBotDriver
    {
        private AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> driver;
        private ScenarioContext current;

        public TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext current)
        {
            this.current = current;
        }

        public AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> Init()
        {
            AppiumOptions appiumOptions = new AppiumOptions();
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DeviceName, "Galaxy S9");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformName, "Android");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformVersion, "9.0");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.App, "tb://...");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("key", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_KEY"));
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("secret", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_SECRET"));

            AppiumDriver<AndroidElement> driver = new AndroidDriver<AndroidElement>(
                new Uri("https://hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"),
                appiumOptions
            );
            return driver;
        }

        public void Cleanup()
        {
            if (driver != null)
            {
                driver.Quit();
            }
        }
    }
}

This will download and install a sample iOS app we built. It will add two numbers to a textinput and display the sum of the two numbers.

using System;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.Enums;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Appium.iOS;
using TechTalk.SpecFlow;

namespace testingbot_specflow
{
    [Binding]
    public sealed class testingbot_specflow
    {
        private TestingBotDriver tbDriver;

        [BeforeScenario]
        public void BeforeScenario()
        {
            tbDriver = new TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext.Current);
            ScenarioContext.Current["tbDriver"] = tbDriver;
        }

        [AfterScenario]
        public void AfterScenario()
        {
            tbDriver.Cleanup();
        }
    }

    public class TestingBotDriver
    {
        private IOSDriver<IOSElement> driver;
        private ScenarioContext current;

        public TestingBotDriver(ScenarioContext current)
        {
            this.current = current;
        }

        public IOSDriver<IOSElement> Init()
        {
            AppiumOptions appiumOptions = new AppiumOptions();
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.DeviceName, "iPhone 11");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformName, "iOS");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.PlatformVersion, "13.5");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability(MobileCapabilityType.App, "tb://...");
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("key", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_KEY"));
            appiumOptions.AddAdditionalCapability("secret", Environment.GetEnvironmentVariable("TB_SECRET"));

            IOSDriver<IOSElement> driver = new IOSDriver<IOSElement>(
                new Uri("https://hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"),
                appiumOptions
            );
            return driver;
        }

        public void Cleanup()
        {
            if (driver != null)
            {
                driver.Quit();
            }
        }
    }
}

Preparing Your App

Please see our Prepare Mobile App documentation to make sure your app will work on our emulators/devices.

Uploading Your App

Please see our Upload Mobile App documentation to find out how to upload your app to TestingBot for testing.

Configuring Capabilities

To run your existing tests on TestingBot, your tests will need to be configured to use the TestingBot remote machines. If the test was running on your local machine or network, you can simply change your existing test like this:


Before
IOSDriver<IOSElement> driver = new IOSDriver<IOSElement>(
    new Uri("http://localhost:4444/wd/hub"),
    appiumOptions
);

After
IOSDriver<IOSElement> driver = new IOSDriver<IOSElement>(
    new Uri("https://hub.testingbot.com/wd/hub"),
    appiumOptions
);


Configuring Capabilities

Capabilities are key-value pairs that allows you to customize your tests on TestingBot.
Appium provides its own set of capabilities which you can specify.
TestingBot also provide its own Custom Capabilities, to customize tests ran on the TestingBot platform.


You can use the drop-down menus below to see how to configure your tests to run on a specific mobile device:


1. Select an OS
2. Select a device


Parallel Testing

Parallel Testing means running the same test, or multiple tests, simultaneously. This greatly reduces your total testing time.

You can run the same tests on all different browser configurations or run different tests all on the same browser configuration.
TestingBot has a large grid of machines and browsers, which means you can use our service to do efficient parallel testing. It is one of the key features we provide to greatly cut down on your total testing time.


Queueing

Every plan we provide comes with a limit of concurrent VMs (how many tests you can run in parallel).
For example: if you have a plan with 5 concurrent VMs, it is possible to start more tests. TestingBot will queue the additional tests and run the tests as soon as slots become available.

Other Options

We offer many other test options, for example: disable video recording, specifying a custom Firefox Profile, loading Chrome/Firefox/Safari extensions, running an executable before your test starts, uploading files, ...
See our list of test options for a full list of options to customize your tests.